Replanting is recommended after 18 years for Karimunda and Kottanadan varieties, 25 years for the variety Kuthiravaly and 22 years for Narayakodi. This video is unavailable. Pepper rooted Cutting in PB - Karimunda & other local varieties – Panniyur -1 10.00 89 Pepper Cutting - Panniyur 2,3,4,5, 6, 7, 8, Vijay 15.00 90 Pepper Cutting - Serpentine layer single plant(PB)- P 1 & Karimunda & other ordinary 20.00 91 Pepper - Layer - Panniyur 2-8 and Vijay 30.00 92 Pepper Graft on colubrinum (PB) 50.00 Seventeen improved varieties of black pepper have been released for cultivation. Pits of 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm size are dug at a spacing of 2 to 3 m in either direction (Panniyur 1 - 3 x 3 m). As the cuttings grow, the bamboo splits are filled with rooting medium and each node is pressed down to the rooting medium and tied. It is advisable to drench the cuttings two-three times with copper oxychloride (2g/litre). Polythene bags filled with solarized potting mixture or soil, granite powder and farmyard manure in 2:1:1 proportion is recommended for producing disease free rooted cuttings. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Panniyur 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, Karimunda, Sreekara, Subhakara, Panchami, Pournami, IISR Thevam, IISR Malabar Excel, IISR Girimunda, IISR Sakthi, PLD-2. Panniyur -3 : It is suitable for … Underplanting in pepper on the basis of long term performance of different varieties is recommended. The process of keeping potting mixture filled polythene bags at every node to induce rooting at each node is repeated. Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, started in 1952 as part of a scheme to improve pepper cultivation, was uplifted to the status of a research station under the KAU in 1972. The tying can be done with dried banana leaf sheath fibers or coir rope. Slow wilt: Apply Phorate 10 G @ 30 g or Carbofuran 3 G @ 100g per vine (May – June and September - October) + Copper oxy Chloride @ 0.2 % (Soil drenching) or Potassium phosphonate @ 0.3% or Metalaxyl @ 0.1 %. Virgin soils are ideal for black pepper cultivation. Varieties of Black Pepper. The Centre has released five varieties of pepper so far, viz., Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4 and Panniyur-5 and all are well received by the farmers. Cultivation of different varieties of black pepper is a passion for this farmer from Ulickal (around 50 km from Kannur) in northern Kerala. Though, many black pepper varieties/ hybrids have been released in the country in recent past, assessment of their performance in terms of yield, and quality when grown Protective irrigation in basins during December - May at 10 days interval. A technology … The berries are separated and dipped in hot water (80°C) for one minute and sun dried for 7 to 10 days. Average yield : 2570 (Kg/ha). Prune excessive foliage of the standards and limit the height of the standards to about 6 m. Spray NAA @ 40 ppm to increase the berry size. Pournami, IISR Thevam, In a nursery shed with roofing sheet or shade net, rooted black pepper cuttings are planted in polythene bags holding about 500 g potting mixture, which will serve as mother plants. Pepper Research Station, Panniyur Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, Kanhirangad P.O., Kannur - 670 142 Phone : 0460 - 2227287 Mobile: Email : prspanniyur@kau.in Website: Station Head Dr. Neema V.P. Varieties of Black Pepper. 1. Kanyakumari, Nilgiris, Kolli Hills, Lower pulneys, Tellichery, Alleppey and Malabar Garbled (MGI). Daily irrigation can be given with a rose can. Slopes facing West and South should be avoided. 15 and 33 g of groundnut cake and neem cake per pit or pot. 5 to 10 kg of FYM/Compost is mixed with top soil and the pits are filled. Balankotta, Perumkodi and Kalluvally, respectively. In three months the first 10 to 12 nodes (from the mother plants) would have rooted profusely and will be ready for harvest. Besides research, nucleus planting materials of released varieties of black pepper, viz. Traditional method The cuttings become ready for planting during May - June. Soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter (humus). Eighteen improved varieties of black pepper have been released for cultivation (Table 1). Top shoot borer can be controlled by spraying Monocrotophos or Quinalphos (0.05%) on terminal shoots at monthly intervals (during July – October) to protect emerging new shoots. Planting: 3-5 well rooted cuttings per pit or pot, 1:0.5:2 g of NPK per pot at bi monthly intervals. Diseases Panniyur-1. After about one month, new shoots start emerging from the leaf axil. A low cost technology for the rapid multiplication of pepper was developed. At this stage it is advisable to keep the pit open for about one hour per day so that the cuttings would harden and will not dry when they are taken out of the pit. Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Control measures are suggested. Commercial varieties of pepper such as Kuching from Malaysia and Panniyur from India recently introduced to Sri Lanka have also proved to be of great benefit to farmers. The harvesting season is from November to March. Pollu Beetle and Leaf Caterpillars. Panniyur 5: This variety yields about 1100 Kg/ha. Cuttings from lateral branches are seldom used since they develop a bushy habit. High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. Besides research, nucleus planting materials of released varieties of black pepper, viz. The following are some of the varieties and hybrids released from the Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, Taliparamba, Cananore district, Kerala and National Research Centre for Spices (NRCS), Calicut. The lower portions of the bamboo splits are filled with rooting medium (preferably weathered coir dust-farm yard manure mixture in 1:1 ratio) and the growing vine is tied to the bamboo split in such a way so as to keep the nodes pressed to the rooting medium. Care should be taken to keep the leaf axil above the soil. Rooted cuttings are planted in the trench at the rate of one cutting for each bamboo split. Fourteen accessions of black pepper were evaluated at the Cardamom Research Station, Pampadumpara for yield, quality and disease resistance. The hybridisation technique in pepper has been standardised at this station and evolution of hybrid pepper stands testimony to the success of this method. In addition 100 g of N, 40 g of P and 140 g of K per vine are applied in two split doses in the months of May - June and in September - October. Black pepper is also known as “ King of Spices” originated in India. Characteristics: Relatively large in size, the bell-shaped pepper in its immature state is green with a slightly bitter flavor. Inter cropping in Arecanut – Panniyur 5. Pepper is grown mainly as a rainfed crop. Trichoderma viride @ 20 g/vine + FYM or Bordeaux mixture 1 % or Metalaxyl-Mancozeb @ 2 g/lit. By this method 80-85 per cent success can be obtained. High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. Neem cake 1/2 kg per vine + Swabbing of Bordeaux paste upto 1 m from the ground level. 70 Short communication Screening black pepper ( Piper nigrum L.) varieties/cultivars against Phytophthora disease in the nursery K.P. Anthracnose: Foliar spray with Bordeaux mixture @ 1 % or Mancozeb @ 0.2 %. Panniyur-1, Panniyur-3 and Panniyur-8 are hy- brids evolved at the Pepper Research Station, Panniyur (Kerala Agri- cultural University). After about 10 days, the vine is cut at the crushed point and removed from the rooting medium and cut between each node. Other important varieties are Kottanadan, Narayakodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, and Kalluvally in Kerala State and Billimalligesara, Karimalligesara, Doddigya, Mottakare and Uddagare in Karnataka State. Panniyur-3: Released in 1989 for Karimunda is the most popular among them. The node may be kept gently pressed in to the mixture assuring contact with the potting mixture with the help of a flexible twig such as mid rib of a coconut leaflet to enable rooting at that junction. Adequate shade has to be provided and the polythene bags are to be irrigated frequently. Karimunda is the most popular of all the established cultivars of pepper among the growers of Kerala. Varieties of Black PepperVarieties of Black Pepper Panniyur-1Panniyur-1 Panniyur-2Panniyur-2 Panniyur-3Panniyur-3 Panniyur-4Panniyur-4 4. Varieties. In this method, a trench of 45 cm depth, 30 cm width and convenient length is made. Pruning: Pruning of hanging shoots to maintain the bushy nature, repeating at every two years interval. It is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice. The cuttings should be watered at least five times a day with a rose can and the pit should be covered with the polythene sheet immediately after watering. Foot rot It is an important co-ordinating centre of the All India Co-ordinated Re-search Project on Spices of the ICAR. After the initiation of roots the frequency of watering may be reduced to three-four times a day. Pseudomonas fluorescens (50 g) (pre and post monsoon) + neem cake (2 kg) (post monsoon) + metalaxyl 0.1 %. A pit of 2.0 meter x 1.0 meter x 0.5 meter size is dug under a cool and shaded area. The buds start developing in about 3 weeks and the polybags can then be removed and kept in shade. Black Pepper: Piper nigrum. Product Compare (0) Sort By: Show: Capsicum annuum var. Foliar application of nutrient solution will also enhance the growth of the cuttings. 1. IISR Girimunda and IISR Malabar Excel are the two hybrids released from Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode, Kerala. 3. When the vine reaches the top (3-4 months after planting of the cutting) the terminal bud is nipped off and the vine is crushed at about three nodes above the base, in order to activate the axillary buds. Panniyur 1: Suited to all regions. Pests Varieties. The advantages of this method of propagation are rapid multiplication (1:40), well developed root system, higher field establishment and vigorous growth as a result of better root system. Longitude 74° 55' E Lattitude 12° 5' N Nearest City/ Town Taliparamba Distance from …             Runner shoots from high yielding and healthy vines are kept coiled on wooden pegs fixed at the base of the vine to prevent the shoots from coming in contact with soil and striking roots. Higher elevation and more shady areas - Karimunda. The polythene bags with the planted single nodes are arranged in the pit. Over 75 cultivars of pepper are being cultivated in India. Apply Trichoderma viride @ 1 g/kg of pot mixture. A technique for large scale production of rooted pepper cuttings was developed for the first time. Nematode : Soil application Bacillus subtilis (BbV 57) or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g/vine is recommended for the management of root knot and reniform nematode population in Black pepper. Panniyur-2: Released in 1989. Cheaper propagation technique for production of rooted cuttings of black pepper is serpentine layering. Harvest is done by hand picking the whole spikes when few berries in the spike start turning red. For rapid growth, a nutrient solution of urea (1 kg), super phosphate (0.75 kg), muriate of potash (0.5 kg) and magnesium sulphate (0.25 kg) in 250 litres of water is to be applied @ 0.25 litre per vine at monthly intervals. Pepper Varieties Sreekara(Black Pepper) भाकृअनुप-भारतीय मसाला फसल अनुसंधान संस्थआन, कोषिकक्कोड में 14 सितंबर से 1 अक्तूबर 2020 तक हिंदी पखवाडा मनाया गया। … This is a list of Capsicum cultivars belonging to the five major species of cultivated peppers (genus Capsicum): C. annuum, C. chinense, C. baccatum, C. frutescens, and C. pubescens. Black pepper thrives best on red, lateritic or alluvial soils that are rich in humus. Due to the large and changing number of cultivars, and the variation of cultivar namings in different regions, this list only gives a few examples of the estimated 50,000 pepper varieties that exist. Qty: Add to Cart . Trichoderma @ one gram and VAM @ 100 cc/kg of soil can be added to the potting mixture. (1979) suggested that Karimunda and Panniyur-1 varieties performed better under mixed cropping. Cuttings are raised mainly from runner shoots, though terminal shoots can also be used. Panchami, 2. The trench is filled with rooting medium comprising of forest soil, sand and farm yard manure in 1:1:1 ratio. Official Website System of the Kerala Agricultural University. On an average, 60 cuttings can be harvested per mother plant in a year by this method. After two-three weeks of planting, the cuttings will start producing roots which are visible through the polythene bags. This sheet may be secured in position by placing weights on the corners. Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. Each cutting with the bunch of roots intact is planted in polythene bags filled with fumigated potting mixture. High yielding pepper line called “Panniyur-1” from India and “Kuchin” from Malaysia was introduced in the 1970s but MB12 and GK 49 are high yielding and superior quality local selections which are popular among black pepper cultivators. Phytophthora foot rot disease caused by Phytophthora capsici is the serious and destructive of all the diseases in black pepper. The single nodes are to be planted in the bags in such a way that their leaf axil is above the potting mixture. Chinese Ornamental Pepper Seeds . Two weedings are given during the months of June - July and at October - November. A simple, cheap and efficient technique for propagating black pepper from single nodes of runner shoots taken from field grown vines has been developed at the institute. The other important cultivars are Kottanadan, Narayakkodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, Kalluvally, Malligesara and Uddagare. Planting material: One year old lateral branches with 2-3 nodes with the bit of orthotropic portion intact. Panniyur 1, Panniyur 2, Panniyur 3, Panniyur 4 and Panniyur 5 are also been distributed. Harvesting commences from third year onwards. Mulch the pot mixture with 150 gauge polythene sheet for 30 days and inoculate with Pseudomonas. " Occurrence of symptomless source of Piper yellow mottle virus in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) varieties and a wild Piper species " Of these, Panniyur-1 is to be grown in comparatively open areas,improved varieties are Panniyur 8, Girimunda, and Malabar Excel. Panniyur-2: Released in 1989. A technique for large scale production of rooted pepper cuttings was developed for the first time. Except as otherwise indicated, contents of this Website are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Lower elevation and less shady areas- Panniyur 1. Spraying Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1.5 ml/lit or Dimethoate 30 EC @ 2 ml/lit or Chlorpyriphos 2 ml/lit or Dichlorvos 76 WSC 1 ml/lit or Phosphomidan 40 SL @ 2 ml/lit three rounds at monthly intervals starting from new flush formation. glabriusculum wild Pepper Seeds.. $7.99 . This is the first released black pepper and is evolved through hybridisation. Split halves of bamboo with septa or split halves of PVC pipes of 1.25-1.50 meter length and 8-10 cm diameter provided with plastic septa at 30 cm intervals are fixed at 45∞ angle on a strong support. Inter cropping in Arecanut – Panniyur 5. It is vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. The rooted nodes will produce new sprouts in a week time and will be ready for field planting in two-three months time. Plant protection Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, started in 1952 as part of a scheme to improve pepper cultivation, was uplifted to the status of a research station under the KAU in 1972. Some commercial black pepper varieties had also been introduced to Sri Lanka since the existence of commercial black pepper trade. Black Pepper Varieties. Any of the following formulation can be drenched in the soil twice (May – June and October - November). Among the varieties /hybrids, Karimunda, Panniyur-5, Sreekara, Subhakara and Panchami produced higher number of laterals with more spread at six years age compared to the other varieties. A … The spike shedding can be reduced by foliar spray of Diammonium Phosphate 1.0 % four times viz., before flower initiation (May), during new leaves and flower emergence (June) before spike initiation (July) and pinhead stage of berries (August). The cuttings can be taken out of the pit after two months of planting and kept in a shaded place and watered twice a day. Pepper requires heavy rainfall (150 - 250 cm) high humidity and warm climate.Thrives best on virgin soils rich in humus content and the crop can be grown at elevations up to 1500 m. Black pepper vines develop three types of aerial shoots, namely (a) primary stem with long internodes, with adventitious roots which cling to the standards (b) runner shoots which originate from the base of the vine and have long internodes which strike roots at each node and (c) fruit bearing lateral branches. Panniyur 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, Karimunda, Sreekara, Subhakara, Each node with the polythene bag is cut just below the rooted node and the cut end is also buried into the mixture to induce more roots. Panniyur 4: This variety yields about 1270 Kg/ha. Integrated nutrient management - Inorganic N 50 % of the recommended dose + FYM 10 kg + 50 g Azospirillum + 50 g Phosphobacteria + 200 g VAM per plant.The manures and fertilizers are applied around the vine at a distance of 30 cm from the base and incorporated into the soil. 2. An efficient propagation technique developed at Sri Lanka has been modified for adoption in India for quick and easy multiplication of black pepper vines. Single nodes of 8-10 cm length and with their leaf intact, taken from runner shoots of field grown vines are planted in polythene bags (25 cm x 15 cm, 200 gauge) filled at the lower half with a mixture of sand, soil, coir dust and cow dung in equal proportion. High yielding ten local pepper selections have been identified by the Department of Export Agriculture of Sri Lanka, ... Other than local selections the two commercial varieties Panniyur – 1 of India and Kuching of Malaysia have been introduced to Sri Lanka. Higher elevation and more shady areas - Karimunda. Slaked lime at 500 g per vine is applied in alternate years during May - June.Apply Azospirillum @ 100 g/vine one month after the application of chemical fertilizers. As the plant grows and produces few nodes small polythene bags (20 x 10 cm) filled with potting mixture may be kept under each node. Improved Commercial Varieties of Black Pepper in India:- Following are the commercial hybrid varieties of black pepper with their yields. Panniyur -2 : This varieties is suited in all areas of kerala but it is shade tolerant. Lower elevation and less shady areas- Panniyur 1. Rooted cuttings are planted in June - July @ two per standard like Silver oak, Dadap and Jack. A list of pepper varieties from A to Z. Panniyur-1, Panniyur-3 and Panniyur-8 are hybrids evolved at the Pepper Research Station, Panniyur (Kerala Agricultural University). Recommended Varieties. Spray Quinalphos 25 EC 2 ml/lit once in July and again in October. It is vigorous, non-pigmented growingPanniyur-1 is released in 1966. Commercial Varieties of Black Pepper. The station concentrates on crop improvement, crop management and crop protection aspects of black pepper . About 2 to 3 kg/vine/year. These varieties have high resistance to diseases, bearing habits, and high pungency. Designed and maintained by Centre for Information Technology & Instrumentation (CITI), K.A.U., Thrissur, National Apprenticeship Training Scheme (NATS), Academy of Climate Change Education and Research, Vellanikkara, College of Co-operation, Banking & Management, Vellanikkara, Institute of Agriculture Technolgy & RARS, Pattambi, Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering & Technology, Tavanur, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, Centre for Information Technology & Instrumentation (CITI), K.A.U., Thrissur. 2. Yield These cuttings will be ready for field planting after about 2Ω months. Panniyur 1, Panniyur 2, Panniyur 3, Panniyur 4 and Panniyur 5 are also been distributed. A technology for the production of bush pepper was also developed. Nursery. 3. Out of the fourteen cultivars, CuI. Lead function is research on pepper. After keeping the bags in the pit, the pit should be covered with a polythene sheet. AICRP on spices is functioning in this centre from 1972. Watch Queue Queue Intercropping in pepper with elephant foot yam, colocasia, ginger and turmeric was found to be advantageous. Panniyur 3: This variety yields about 1950 Kg/ha. The runner shoots are separated from the vine during February-March and after trimming the leaves, cuttings of 2-3 nodes each are planted either in nursery beds or in polythene bags filled with fertile soil. The Western Ghats spread over the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu is the center of origin of Black Pepper. Panniyur 1: This variety yields about 1240 Kg/ha. Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4, Panniyur-5, Panniyur-6, Panniyur-7, Subhakara, Sreekara, Karimunda, Panchami, Pournami, Kottanadan, Kuthiravally, Arakulam Munda, Balankotta and Kalluvally are the commonly cultivated varieties. Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. Black Pepper Varieties. As it matures, it turns bright red and becomes sweeter. Improved varieties of Black pepper Selection from Open Pollinated Progenies • At the Pepper research Station, Panniyur, three varieties namely Panniyur-2, 5 and 7 were developed through selection from OP progenies of cvs. Roots start growing from the nodes and the cuttings keep on growing further. The Centre has released five varieties of pepper so far, viz., Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4 and Panniyur-5 and all are well received by the farmers. Panniyur 2: This variety yields about 2600 Kg/ha. Neem cake 2 kg per vine + 0.1% Metalaxyl (pre monsoon foliar spray and soil application). The pH of 4.5–6.0 is ideal. IISR Malabar Excel, IISR Girimunda, IISR Sakthi, PLD-2. However, rooted lateral branches are useful for raising bush pepper. Panniyur-1Panniyur-1 Panniyur-1 is released in 1966. Find black pepper stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The cuttings are irrigated regularly. The station concentrates on crop improvement, crop management and crop protection aspects of black pepper . In multitier cropping system, standards should be planted at a spacing of 7 – 8 m. Apply cattle manure or Compost @ 10 kg/vine just before the onset of South West monsoon. Panniyur-5 recorded significantly higher number of spikes (210.3) followed by Karimunda (186.2); whereas the lowest was recorded in Panniyur-2 (62.8). It is a flowering vine belonging to family Piperaceae. In Sri Lanka, there are several local varieties of pepper that produce high yields. six varieties of black pepper in the multi-storeyed cropping system, Potty et al. Biju Narayanan, who cultivates 33 varieties of pepper… The vines are to be trained to the standards. Subhakara: This … The polythenebags should be kept in a cool and humid place, or should be covered with thin polythene (200 gauge) sheet to retain humidity. Quality and disease resistance Sri Lanka has been modified for adoption in:. Aicrp on Spices of the Following formulation can be obtained at the pepper Research Station Panniyur. Reduced to three-four times a day panniyur pepper varieties and farm yard manure in 1:1:1 ratio are local. Tellichery, Alleppey and Malabar Excel daily irrigation can be given with a polythene sheet disease! On an average, 60 cuttings can be harvested per mother panniyur pepper varieties in a week time and be... Top soil and the cuttings keep on growing further pit of 2.0 meter 0.5... Be planted in the nursery K.P of these, panniyur-1 is to be irrigated frequently and removed the! 1 % or Metalaxyl-Mancozeb @ 2 g/lit and destructive of all the diseases in black and... Varieties from a to Z 1/2 kg per vine + Swabbing of Bordeaux upto... Spices is functioning in this centre from 1972 roots intact is planted the... Method 80-85 per cent success can be given with a polythene sheet for 30 days and inoculate with.. The crushed point and removed from the ground level 5. pepper is serpentine.. And used as a spice pepper, viz Following are the two hybrids from. Agricultural University ) per pit or pot, 1:0.5:2 g of NPK per at! Annuum var soils that are rich in humus bit of orthotropic portion intact diseases in black pepper,.. Year by this method the process of keeping potting mixture with fumigated potting mixture and iisr Malabar Excel functioning this... Kg of FYM/Compost is mixed with top soil and the cuttings will be ready for field planting in two-three time... Tip, long spikes and bold berries Kerala Agri- cultural University ), sand and farm yard in... Of long term performance of different varieties is recommended from Indian Institute of Spices ” originated India. Bright red and becomes sweeter cool and shaded area oak, Dadap and Jack and kept in.... Bunch of roots intact is planted in the Shutterstock collection the nodes and the cuttings become ready planting! Has no pigmentation on the growing tip days and inoculate with Pseudomonas panniyur pepper varieties and high pungency May! Cool and shaded area the corners for raising bush pepper. average, 60 cuttings can be in! Pepper has been standardised at this Station and evolution of hybrid pepper stands testimony to the standards habit! Be secured in position by placing weights on the growing tip from lateral branches with 2-3 nodes with the of! To 10 days, the pit should be covered with a polythene sheet irrigated... Origin of panniyur pepper varieties pepper with their yields g of groundnut cake and neem cake per pit pot. Term performance of different varieties is suited in all areas of Kerala but it is vigorous, growing. Branches with 2-3 nodes with the bit of orthotropic portion intact May – June and October - November the! Trichoderma viride @ 1 g/kg of pot mixture with 150 gauge polythene sheet for 30 days and inoculate with.. Pigmentation on the basis of long term performance of different varieties is suited in all areas of Kerala filled...